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Trauma / PTSD

What is trauma?

According to the American Psychological Association (APA), trauma is “an emotional response to a terrible event like an accident, rape, or natural disaster.”

However, a person may experience trauma as a response to any event they find physically or emotionally threatening or harmful.

A traumatised person can feel a range of emotions both immediately after the event and in the long term. They may feel overwhelmed, helpless, shocked, or have difficulty processing their experiences. Trauma can also cause physical symptoms.

Trauma can have long-term effects on the person’s well-being. If symptoms persist and do not decrease in severity, it can indicate that the trauma has developed into a mental health disorder called post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).



Acute trauma

This results from a single stressful or dangerous event.


Chronic trauma

This results from repeated and prolonged exposure to highly stressful events. Examples include cases of child abuse, bullying, or domestic violence.


Complex trauma

This results from exposure to multiple traumatic events.


Secondary trauma

With this form of trauma, a person develops trauma symptoms from close contact with someone who has experienced a traumatic event.

Symptoms of Trauma


Self-loathing, self-judgment, internal attacks on self-esteem, no ability to take in mitigating information


Terminal ambivalence: gets stuck, can’t make decisions or commit to a course of action, ‘self-sabotage’


Numb, intellectualised, no emotion

Overwhelmed, emotional outbursts, no ability to soothe
Acting out, addicted, eating disordered, self-destructive
Paradoxical, contradictory behavior, mood shifts

Regressive or aggressive behavior without ownership

Dissociative and personality disorders


Trauma is often at the root cause of other disorders such as Anxiety, depression addictions and phobia’s. Often clients aren’t aware of the actual event that caused the trauma –as often we dissociate in order to manage the effects of the event. Even a single incident trauma leads to a divide between avoidance of trauma and our preoccupation with it

Pre-traumatic Personality

Apparently Normal Part of the Personality

This Left Brain part of the self carries on “with normal life during and after the trauma. It avoids the trauma: “It wasn ‘t that bad”.

Emotional Part of the Personality

This Right Brain part of self holds both traumatic memories and survival responses. Hypervigilance leads to preoccupation with the trauma.

I have received specialist Trauma training through The Laurel Centre – Sex and Porn Addiction Training. In addition Hypnotherapy and associated treatments such as Timeline Therapy, Emotion Focussed Techniques and Rewind Therapy have shown to be effective partly because they address unprocessed trauma stored in the sub conscious parts of us. They will be incorporated into any treatment plan where Trauma is seen to be present. The result often being successful treatment outcomes are accessed faster and more effectively.